2022 was a year in which major schemes in Norfolk were stalled, amid rising construction costs and a directive that stopped many councils granting planning permission.

But 2023 could bring progress on a number of schemes with the potential to make major changes to the county - although not all of them are universally welcomed.

A47 dualling / Thickthorn junction

Diss Mercury: Thickthorn roundaboutThickthorn roundabout (Image: Mike Page)

Eight years after then prime minister David Cameron announced £300m would be made available for improvements to the A47, three Norfolk schemes were given the green light by the government.

The schemes involve the revamp of Thickthorn roundabout on the edge of Norwich and dualling of stretches of the road between Blofield and North Burlingham, plus Easton to North Tuddenham.

National Highways hoped to get work started early in 2023, but a legal challenge by climate activist Andrew Boswell means that has been put on hold.

The High Court will now need to decide whether the decisions to grant approval were lawful or not.

Western Link

Diss Mercury: An artist's impression of the Norwich Western LinkAn artist's impression of the Norwich Western Link (Image: Norfolk County Council)

The £251m road would connect the Norwich Northern Distributor Road to the A47 west of Norwich.

During South West Norfolk MP Liz Truss's brief stint as prime minister, the 3.8 mile road was named as a scheme the government wanted to "accelerate".

But a decision has yet to be made on whether the government will agree Norfolk County Council's outline business case and make millions of pounds available for the scheme.

Meanwhile, Norfolk Wildlife Trust's application for woodland on the road's route, home to protected barbastelle bats, to be declared a site of special scientific interest is being considered.

The route has already had to be altered because of the presence of those bats and an application for the road has yet to be lodged with the council's own planning committee.

Anglia Square

Diss Mercury: Plans for Anglia SquarePlans for Anglia Square (Image: Weston Homes)

After previous plans for the Norwich shopping centre were blocked by the government in 2018, developers Weston Homes returned with fresh plans in 2022.

With Norwich City Council blocked from approving plans for housing due to a directive around nutrient neutrality, the application, which has sparked opposition, has yet to come before councillors.

City Hall bosses are hoping the planning committee will be able to make a decision in 2023.

Long Stratton Bypass

Diss Mercury: How the Long Stratton bypass could lookHow the Long Stratton bypass could look (Image: Norfolk Homes)

Another scheme deemed worthy of acceleration during Ms Truss's Downing Street days.

But, because the project is linked to the construction of 1,800 new homes, it has, like Anglia Square, been held up by nutrient neutrality.

In 2020, the Department for Transport pledged £26.2m towards the then £37.4m cost of the two-and-a-half-mile single carriageway bypass.

But delays, coupled with inflation and the war in Ukraine pushing up construction costs, means the bill for the road has gone up to £46.2m.

Council leaders hope a decision on planning permission can be made in 2023.

West Winch Access Road

Diss Mercury: An artist's impression of the roundabout junction of the new access road and the existing A10An artist's impression of the roundabout junction of the new access road and the existing A10 (Image: Norfolk County Council)

Consultation is under way over plans for the access road, on the edge of King's Lynn in an area where up to 4,000 homes are planned over the next two decades.

A planning application for the scheme is expected next year and the council also intends to submit an outline business case to the Department for Transport.

Great Yarmouth Third River Crossing

Diss Mercury: The Great Yarmouth Third River CrossingThe Great Yarmouth Third River Crossing (Image: Mike Page)

Construction of the £121m Great Yarmouth Third River Crossing started two years ago - and the bridge should open in 2023.

It will link the A47 at Harfrey’s roundabout to the port and the enterprise zone via South Denes Road on the other side of the River Yare.

Great Yarmouth energy campus

Diss Mercury: The proposed operations and maintenance campus at Great YarmouthThe proposed operations and maintenance campus at Great Yarmouth (Image: GENERATE)

Another Great Yarmouth project which will take shape in 2023 is the new £21.4m offshore energy campus.

The facility at the southern tip of the South Denes peninsula would create some 650 jobs to serve the burgeoning offshore energy sector.

Work, which would see 190m of river quay refurbished and upgraded, is due to begin in January.

Wind farms

Diss Mercury: Work related to wind farms is due to beginWork related to wind farms is due to begin

Three huge wind farms off the coast of Norfolk secured permission in recent years - and the time is approaching when work on them will begin.

And that will bring disruption to communities stretching from Happisburgh to Necton and Weybourne to Norwich, as three cable corridors are laid to connect the Vattenfall and Orsted wind farms.

Timetables for the work have yet to be revealed.